Excerpted from Professor Dave’s Owner’s Manual for the SAT (Home Study Edition)

  • The first SAT was developed in 1901 as a means of determining intelligence without systematic bias (much like an IQ test)
  • SAT originally stood for: “Scholastic Achievement Test”
  • In 1941, The College Board changed the name to “Scholastic Aptitude Test”
  • In the years between 1941 and 1994, the scores steadily decreased as more and more unqualified students began to take the test.
  • In 1994, the test mean was re-centered and the test re-named to simply SAT (no abbreviation)
  • Today, SAT doesn’t really stand for anything!
  • In 2005, the SAT was modified and a new “Writing” section, complete with an essay, was added at the request of colleges and universities.
  • Before the re-centering in 1994, only about one student in every administration earned a “perfect” 1600 score. Now, multiple students per administration receive such a score, a perfect 2400, usually about 250-350 per 1.5 million test-takers.